The most popular localization rate has rigid provi

2022-07-24
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The localization rate has rigid regulations on the railway accessories industry or benefits.

the localization rate has rigid regulations on the railway accessories industry or benefits.

China Construction Machinery Information

Guide: with the attention paid by the state to the railway industry, the investment in the railway industry will maintain a relatively high level in the next 5 to 10 years. Under the background of the great development of railway, the process of equipment localization will become the key. The personage inside course of study thinks, in the construction process of future high-speed railway, domestic each fractionize industry bibcock will pass

with the attention paid by the state to the railway industry, the investment in the railway industry will maintain a relatively high level in the next 5 ~ 10 years. Under the background of the great development of railway, the process of equipment localization will become the key. Industry insiders believe that in the future construction of high-speed railway, domestic leaders in various sub industries will improve the comprehensive manufacturing level and process level by introducing and digesting foreign technologies and combining independent innovation

the medium and long term railway planning defines the direction of China's railway construction. Compared with the major economies in the world, China's railway construction has huge development space. The railway investment in the eleventh five year plan will reach 1.5 trillion yuan, about four times that in the tenth five year plan

in the future, high-speed passenger transport and heavy haul freight transport will become the focus of development. With the support of national policies on the localization of core components, domestic railway accessories will make a breakthrough in the matching and heavy haul upgrading of EMUs in the future

a company engaged in railway accessories, whose main business scope covers infrastructure related accessories, railway track accessories and various locomotive and vehicle accessories. As the Ministry of Railways implements the quality certification system, which forms a high industrial barrier, the products with all switches on the railway produced by any enterprise must pass the quality certification of the Ministry of railways. Therefore, once an enterprise enters the supply system of the Ministry of railways, it indicates that the product quality of the enterprise has reached a very high level

railway transportation has become the first choice for China's transportation at present.

China's total railway operating mileage reached 76000 kilometers at the end of 2006, ranking third in the world after the United States and Russia. From the perspective of population, area and economic development level, China's existing railway mileage still has a lot of room to improve

railway transportation has always played a very important role in China. In 2006, the railway assumed about 34% of the national passenger volume and 25% of the freight task. With the rapid growth of China's economy, the construction of railway infrastructure has lagged behind the transportation demand brought about by economic development, and directly led to the shortage and shortage of railway capacity. More than 90% of the lines are overloaded, which is more than 1.5 times the operating load of developed countries

according to the estimation of the Ministry of railways, the daily average number of materials that need to be transported by railway in the whole society is kept at 280000 ~ 300000 vehicles, while only 100000 vehicles can be actually transported every day, and the satisfaction rate is only about 35%. In terms of passenger transport, the passenger trains operated by the National Railways provide 2.41 million seats every day, while the average daily actual passenger transport reaches 3.05 million person times. Many trains are crowded all the year round

according to the data from 1990 to 2006, due to insufficient investment, the status of railway transportation in the national transportation system is being threatened by other means. The proportion of freight transport has dropped from 46% to 34% at present, and the proportion of passenger transport has dropped from 40% to 25% at present

China's huge population base and vast land area determine the importance of railway transportation. At this stage, railway transportation has become the primary choice of China's transportation development mode. Especially under the background of rising energy prices, it is of practical significance to focus on developing railway transportation, which is a transportation mode with low energy consumption, low cost, long distance, large capacity and good safety

fitting enterprises become the real beneficiaries

under the background of the relative shortage of China's railway transportation capacity, the state proposed to vigorously develop railway transportation, promulgated the medium and long term railway plan and the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" for railway construction, which not only proposed to vigorously build railway operation and realize passenger and freight separation, but also required the main domestic technical equipment to reach or approach the international advanced level. At present, there is a certain gap between China and developed countries in terms of railway technology and equipment, and the technology of high-speed EMUs is still in the primary stage. The medium and long-term plan points out that the Ministry of Railways will realize the localization of railway equipment as soon as possible through international cooperation, integration of domestic resources and scientific research

in addition, with the sixth major speed increase of China's railways, there is a strong demand for the upgrading of high-speed EMUs and heavy haul trucks. In the investment plan of the Ministry of Railways at the beginning of the year, the purchase cost of rolling stock and multiple units was increased by more than 60% compared with 2006. The huge investment has brought about a substantial increase in the demand for railway accessories and equipment, and made China the region with the highest growth rate of demand for railway products in the world

industry insiders believe that from the perspective of localization ratio, the government will definitely give greater preference to domestic enterprises in the procurement process in the future, and domestic railway accessories enterprises are the real beneficiaries

opportunities brought by localization

according to the minutes of the meeting on the study of issues related to railway locomotive and rolling stock equipment issued by the State Council, the Ministry of Railways has formulated the implementation outline for accelerating the modernization of railway locomotive and rolling stock equipment, making it clear that the R & D, design and manufacturing level of China's locomotive and rolling stock manufacturing industry will be effectively improved through market for technology and independent innovation, so as to enhance the international competitiveness of enterprises

the medium and long term railway planning proposes to rapidly improve the level of railway equipment to reach or approach the level of developed countries as soon as possible, and to improve the localization level of equipment as an important part of the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" and future railway construction. In the construction of high-speed railway, the Ministry of Railways has very clear requirements for the localization rate. The localization rate of high-speed railway must reach more than 70%, and 30% of the imported technologies and products will mainly focus on the power system and electronic control system. Therefore, high-quality domestic enterprises will be preferred to produce basic accessories such as elastic elements, bridge bearings, axles, fasteners and bearings

during the 11th Five Year Plan period, the Ministry of Railways will vigorously develop electric traction locomotives, which will account for more than 80% of the transportation workload, and realize the localization of AC drive locomotives. Supporting the development of electric locomotives with a speed of 200 kilometers per hour, and vigorously developing heavy-duty freight locomotives with a axle load of 25 tons. In 2010, the number of locomotives will reach about 19000. Based on the research and development of key technologies of EMUs with a speed of 200 km/h and above, combined with the introduction of a small number of EMUs, the localization of EMUs with a speed of 200 km/h and above will be realized as soon as possible, the development and development of key technologies of EMUs with a speed of 300 km/h and above will be actively promoted, and the localization supporting capacity for manufacturing, maintenance and operation of high-speed EMUs will be formed at the end of the period. In 2010, the configuration of multiple units will reach about 1000

during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, new passenger cars will be developed to meet the needs of passengers at different levels. In 2010, the number of passenger cars will reach about 45000. In addition, the Ministry of Railways will vigorously improve the overall technical level of freight cars, improve the speed, load capacity, safety and reliability of freight cars, and actively develop 23 ton axle load freight cars and new general-purpose freight cars with a maximum speed of 120 kilometers per hour. At the same time, develop 160km/h fast trucks for different purposes, and vigorously develop special trucks for coal transportation, container transportation and special cargo transportation. In 2010, the number of trucks reached 700000

the peak of passenger dedicated line construction is approaching

as a country where passenger dedicated line technology is widely used, the development speed of railway passenger transport in Japan is very amazing, with more than 8.6 billion passengers sent by railway every year. India, which has the same population as China, has an average annual passenger volume of more than 5billion. As a populous country, China's annual railway passenger volume is only about 1.16 billion. Therefore, China's railway passenger transport development potential is very huge. The large-scale construction of passenger dedicated lines will bring new opportunities to the railway industry, and high-end railway accessories will have a wide range of use space

during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, China will build 9800 km passenger dedicated lines, of which 5457 km will run at a speed of more than 300 km per hour. The existing 13000 km lines will be transformed to achieve 200 km per hour passenger train operation, and finally 32000 km of fast passenger dedicated lines will be realized

since 2005, the construction of passenger dedicated lines has been started in an all-round way. At present, there are 13 projects under construction, including Zhengzhou-Xi'an railway, Wuhan Guangzhou railway, Shijiazhuang Taiyuan railway, Beijing Tianjin Intercity Rail, Wuhan Hefei railway, Hefei Nanjing railway, Wenzhou Fuzhou railway, Harbin Dalian railway, Ningbo Taizhou Wenzhou railway, Guangzhou Zhuhai intercity rail, Fuzhou Xiamen railway, Guangzhou Shenzhen Hong Kong Railway and Jiaotong Jinan railway. Since the construction period of the passenger dedicated line is 4-5 years, the period from 2006 to 2010 will usher in the investment peak of "passenger dedicated line under test". The new mileage and upgrading bring opportunities.

there is a close relationship between the railway operating mileage and the vehicle ownership. From the current level, the vehicle ownership per unit operating kilometer is about 8.2. According to the new railway mileage of 17000 km during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, This means that at least 140000 new vehicles will be added (regardless of upgrading)

in the annual vehicle procurement of the Ministry of railways, in addition to the new vehicle demand brought by the new mileage, it also includes a large part of the vehicle replacement demand. Under the background of railway speed increase and heavy load, in order to achieve the goal of 200 kilometers or even 300 kilometers per hour or over 75 tons of heavy load, it is necessary to equip railway accessories that meet the needs of high-speed and heavy load, are safe, reliable and of high quality, and will directly accelerate the demand for vehicle accessories with high technical content. Therefore, there will be great room for the development of new generation products and technologies

under the background of tight transport capacity in recent years, the Ministry of Railways has increased the railway transport turnover rate through six national speed increases. The increase of vehicle speed brings about the improvement of railway operation efficiency and directly promotes the increase of vehicle ownership per kilometer. Industry insiders believe that the number of vehicles per kilometer will continue to maintain a certain upward trend, so the growth rate of railway vehicle demand will be faster than the growth rate of operating mileage

at present, the average carrying weight of domestic trucks is about 3000 tons, which is far from the 5000 tons in the United States. In addition to the continuous improvement in traction, the Ministry of Railways has also invested a huge amount of money in the transformation of heavy-duty vehicles. The load capacity of freight cars will gradually shift from 60 tons to more than 70 tons, and all newly built freight cars will be produced according to the standard of 70 tons. As the transportation capacity of the main trunk lines is still tight, such a development trend will continue in the future

related links: the latest technology used in passenger dedicated lines

in terms of ballastless track, the Ministry of Railways has repeatedly contacted relevant enterprises in Germany and Japan, and determined a scheme focusing on technology transfer, supplemented by technical training and services. In 2005, the railway department signed technology transfer contracts with Borg and xuprin respectively, and in 2006, it signed technology transfer contracts for ballastless track system and related interfaces with German Friedel company

it is understood that the speed of Ballastless railway can be increased by at least 20 ~ 40 kilometers compared with traditional railway, and the maximum speed can reach more than 300 kilometers per hour. In consideration of the localization of key technologies, the Ministry of Railways listed graphene as one of the "flagship projects of emerging technologies in the future" in the European Commission for the design and construction of a domestic Ballastless railway in the 12.6km test section of the first section of the tunnel Chongqing railway

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